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piritskenyer

USS Wichita - T8 ship proposal

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Hi gents!

 

As you may have guessed it from the title, today's proposed/discussed ship is going to be *drumroll* the USS Wichita. This ship review and Game Implementation Proposal (gonna coin the term as GIMP) is brought to you by Trainspite and myself. Again a lot of research and knowledge credit goes to him. 

 

The way we'll do things is this: we're going to review the ship's historical background and then we'll look at the possibility of her implementation into the game in two ways: as a reg and as a prem ship.

Let us begin.

 

IxMl4fE.jpg

Wichita firing her guns in 1945. Here you can also see the unique secondary battery layout. - Picture credit: navsource.com

 

USS Wichita was a single ship in the US Navy. Ordered in 1934 and laid down in October 1935, she was the successor to the New Orleans class of heavy cruisers and the eventual basis for the Baltimore class. The US had an allowance of one heavy cruiser laid in 1934, and one in 1935, but the Navy wasn't completely satisfied with the New Orleans class.

The New Orleans class of heavy cruisers were descendants of the "OG heavy cruiser", the USS Pensacola. The Pensacola design was modified at first to recieve 3 triple mounts instead of two twins and two triples, an arrangement that would become standard on all heavy cruisers of the US navy, and a hangar amidships which made the handling of aircraft easier and more comfortable. That class was the Northampton class. The class succeeding to the Northampton was Portland, which were nothing but slightly modified Northamptons. Five Portlands were ordered, however three of those would be converted after being laid into New Orleans class ships. Another four New Orleans class ships were ordered, the last one being laid in 1934, CA-44 Vincennes. The three classes had the same general arrangement: 2 gunmounts/turrets (mounts for the N'hampton and Portland, turrets for the NO) front, bridge structure, aviation facilities and hangar amidships, and last mount/turret aft.

In 1933 a new threat started rising in the form of the Mogami class light cruisers that were being built in Japan. The US decided that it too needed a heavily armed light cruiser, so they ordered the design of the Brooklyn class. The design was finalised in 1934 and four ships were ordered (CL-40, 41, 42, 43), the first one being laid in 1935 (another three were ordered later, CL-46-48)

At this time the US also realised that it had allowance for a new heavy cruiser and so ordered a New Orleans class cruiser under the hull number of CA-45, but the Navy had taken issue with the New Orleans design. The lines of the New Orleans were worse than that of Brooklyn, the midships-mounted hangar represented a firedanger greater than the of the Brooklyns' stern-mounted hangar, so the decision was made to try and build a heavy cruiser on the basis of the Brooklyn class. That ended up to be the USS Wichita.

 

The 3 forward three-gun 6" turrets were replaced by two three-gun 8" turrets, as were the two after 6" turrets replaced by an 8" turret. These turrets were designated "three-gun" instead of "triple", because the guns were individually sleeved, and so could elevate separately. The guns were the new Mk 12's instead of the Mk 14's used on the previous classes. These guns would go on to become the basis for the Mk 15, which would arm the Baltimore class (and that's not the only commonality between Wichita and B-more).

The secondary armament was reworked: instead of having four 5"/25 gun on each side, the Navy introduced the new and soon-to-be ubiquitous 5"/38 gun in four open pedestal mounts (two on each side) and four in enclosed base ring mounts (one on each side of the bridge structure, one aft of the forward main turrets, superfiring it, and one forward of the rear main turret). Wichita was the first ship to mount 5"/38 secondary armament. She could fire five 5" guns to one side.

The ship was also very well armoured with a maximum thickness of 6.4" (160mm) of armour on the belt which gradually thinned out to 4.5" (114mm) on the ends. The conning tower was 6" (152mm), the deck was on the thickest parts was 2.25" (57mm), the barbettes were 7" (178mm), the turrets had 8" (203mm) front, 3.75" (95mm) side and rear and 2.75" (70mm). The armour was also Class A, which had better protection-to-thickness ratio than the Class B previously used on the New Orleans class.

The machinery was similar to that of Brooklyn, in alternating boiler and engine rooms as to not lose all power in a single lucky hit.

AA firepower consisted originally of only .50cal MG's a couple of 1.1" (28mm) quad cannons and the 5"/38 DP guns. This was gradually upgraded throughout the war by replacing the .50cals with 20mm Oerlikon cannons and the 1.1" guns with 40mm Bofors guns. By the end of the war she'd carry 18 20mm Oerlikons, four quad Bofors mounts and four twin Bofors mounts, giving her a rather impressive AA supplement.

 

 

"Well, Toast, this is nice and dandy, but how does that translate into the game?" - I hear you ask. Well, fret not, here's what we concocted up with Trainspite:

 

CA-45%20Wichita%201942.png

Wichita in her Atlantic camouflage from 1942, this would be her premium camouflage wether she appears as a prem or a reg - picture credit: shipbucket.com

 

Class: Heavy cruiser

Tier: 8 

Battletiering: 8-10

 

Module tree:

fiR44Zj.jpg

Picture credit: Trainspite

 

A hull (as she appeared in 1940)

  • Survivability:
    • Hitpoints: 30'500
    • Armour: 16-160mm
  • Artillery: 
    • FCS:
      • Mk 8 mod 1: 15.5km
      • Mk 8 mod 2: 17 km
    • Main battery: 3x 3x 8"/55 Mk 12
      • Rate of train: 6°/s - 30 seconds for 180°
      • Rate of fire: 4 r/m/g - reload: 15 seconds
      • HE: HC Mk 24 mod 5 - 2800 dmg - 14% firechance
        • Broadside weight: 25'200 dmg
        • Max DPM: 100'800 dmg
      • AP: Mk 19 mod 1 - 4500 dmg
        • Broadside weight: 40'500 dmg
        • Max DPM: 162'000 dpm
    • Secondary battery:
      • 4x 5"/38 Mk 24 (open pedestal mounts)
      • 4x 5"/38 Mk 30 mod 4 (single enclosed base ring mount)
        • Rate of train: 20°/s - 9 seconds for 180°
        • Rate of fire: 10 r/m/g
        • Maximum targetable mounts: 5
        • Ammunition: HE/HC Mk 32 - 1800 dmg - 5% firechance
          • Broadside weight: 9000 dmg
          • Max DPM: 90000 dmg
  • AA defence:
    • 4x 5"/38 Mk 24 (open pedestal mounts)
    • 4x 5"/38 Mk 30 mod 4 (single enclosed base ring mount)
      • DPS: 61
      • Range: 5 km
    • 2x 4x 1.1" (28mm) autocannon
      • DPS: 14
      • Range: 3.1 km
    • 8x .5" (12.7mm) M2 HMG
      • DPS: 30
      • Range: 1.2 km
  • Maneuverability: 
    • Installed power: 100'000 SHP
    • Speed: 33 kts
    • Rudder shift time: 10.2 sec
    • turn radius: 660m
  • Concealment:
    • Surface detection range: 12.2 km
    • Air detect: 7.5 km

 

B hull (as she appeared in 1942) - changes bolded

  • Survivability:
    • Hitpoints: 34'400
    • Armour: 16-160mm
  • Artillery: 
    • FCS: 
      • Mk 8 mod 1: 15.5km
      • Mk 8 mod 2: 17 km
    • Main battery: 3x 3x 8"/55 Mk 12 (same gun on a new hull)
      • Rate of train: 6°/s - 30 seconds for 180°
      • Rate of fire: 4 r/m/g - reload: 15 seconds
      • HE: HC Mk 24 mod 5 - 2800 dmg - 14% firechance
        • Broadside weight: 25'200 dmg
        • Max DPM: 100'800 dmg
      • AP: Mk 19 mod 6 - 4600 dmg
        • Broadside weight: 41'400 dmg
        • Max DPM: 165'600 dpm
    • Secondary battery: 
      • 4x 5"/38 Mk 24 (open pedestal mounts)
      • 4x 5"/38 Mk 30 mod 4 (single enclosed base ring mount)
        • Rate of train: 20°/s - 9 seconds for 180°
        • Rate of fire: 10 r/m/g
        • Maximum targetable mounts: 5
        • Ammunition: HE/HC Mk 32 - 1800 dmg - 5% firechance
          • Broadside weight: 9000 dmg
          • Max DPM: 90000 dmg
  • AA defence:
    • 4x 5"/38 Mk 24 (open pedestal mounts)
    • 4x 5"/38 Mk 30 mod 4 (single enclosed base ring mount)
      • DPS: 61
      • Range: 5 km
    • 4x 4x 40mm Bofors Mk 1 (quad mount)
      • DPS: 64
      • Range: 3.5 km
    • 22x 20mm Oerlikon Mk 2 
      • DPS: 78
      • Range: 2.1 km
  • Maneuverability: 
    • Installed power: 100'000 SHP
    • Speed: 33 kts
    • Rudder shift time: 8.2 sec
    • turn radius: 660m
  • Concealment:
    • Surface detection range: 12.2 km
    • Air detect: 7.5 km

 

C hull (as she appeared in 1945) - changes bolded

  • Survivability:
    • Hitpoints: 34'400
    • Armour: 16-160mm
  • Artillery: 
    • FCS: 
      • Mk 8 mod 1: 15.5km
      • Mk 8 mod 2: 17 km
    • Main battery: 3x 3x 8"/55 Mk 12 (new guns)
      • Rate of train: 6°/s - 30 seconds for 180°
      • Rate of fire: 4.3 r/m/g - reload: 14 seconds
      • HE: HC Mk 24 mod 5 - 2800 dmg - 14% firechance
        • Broadside weight: 25'200 dmg
        • Max DPM: 108'360 dmg
      • AP: Mk 19 mod 6 - 4600 dmg
        • Broadside weight: 41'400 dmg
        • Max DPM: 178'020 dmg
    • Secondary battery: 
      • 4x 5"/38 Mk 24 (open pedestal mounts)
      • 4x 5"/38 Mk 30 mod 4 (single enclosed base ring mount)
        • Rate of train: 20°/s - 9 seconds for 180°
        • Rate of fire: 10 r/m/g
        • Maximum targetable mounts: 5
        • Ammunition: HE/HC Mk 32 - 1800 dmg - 5% firechance
          • Broadside weight: 9000 dmg
          • Max DPM: 90000 dmg
  • AA defence:
    • 4x 5"/38 Mk 24 (open pedestal mounts)
    • 4x 5"/38 Mk 30 mod 4 (single enclosed base ring mount)
      • DPS: 61
      • Range: 5 km
    • 4x 4x 40mm Bofors Mk 1 (quad mount)
      • DPS: 64
      • Range: 4.2 km
    • 4x 2x 40mm Bofors Mk 2 (twin mount)
      • DPS: 45
      • Range: 4.2 km
    • 18x Oerlikon Mk 4
      • DPS: 65
      • Range: 2.1 km
  • Maneuverability: 
    • Installed power: 100'000 SHP
    • Speed: 33 kts
    • Rudder shift time: 7.2 sec
    • turn radius: 660m
  • Concealment:
    • Surface detection range: 12.2 km
    • Air detect: 7.5 km

 

The C hull is also how we laid out the Premium version.

 

Consumable-wise she'd be pretty much the same as the New Orleans class, with the only difference that we have considered adding a HEAL consumable for the premium version.

 

 

xE386oe.jpg

Line drawing of USS Wichita of how she appeared in 1945

 

So here we are. Overall a pretty strong looking ship. I hope you like it.

At least half the credits go to Trainspite, as mentioned aready.

 

Sources:

www.world-war.co.uk

navweaps.com

navsource.com

shipbucket.com

Edited by piritskenyer

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I'll just quote Dropsiq here: "give it to me already!" :D

 

Nicely done. Love the mix of old pre war and later designs incorporated in the Balmer.


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Nice summary, although I'm thinking she's unique enough to make her a premium (on the assumption more premiums are significantly more likely than a whole new branch). How do you justify the 17km range BTW? 1.2km more than Baltimore?!


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Nice summary, although I'm thinking she's unique enough to make her a premium (on the assumption more premiums are significantly more likely than a whole new branch). How do you justify the 17km range BTW? 1.2km more than Baltimore?!

 

How do I justify it?

Gameplay wise by the fact that the US CA line is one of, or the only CA line that is a pure gun line with no torpedoes at all over a certain point. They also got out-powercreep'd by both new lines, so I think a rangebuff over the entire US CA line would be justified. US cruisers in game are one of the slowest, so they can't even catch up easily with the ships they should be killing. TL;DR: they are handicapped in that department anyway. 

Historically the justification is that the USN had very good firecontrol over all its ships with radar-guided firecontrol that could provide target data over long distances. 


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 I'll just quote Dropsiq here: "give it to me already!" :D

GIB!

gib.gif

 

On the side note - yeah, Wichita would make a nice premium. She's a little less known then the rest of the US cruisers, and would make a great tier VIII premium. Unfortunately, the way the US CA are implemented, tier VIII is pretty lackluster. That would mean, that Wichita would be either straight up better then New Orleans, which is not exactly fair and good idea, or it would be same/worse, which means it would occupy bottom levels of might in CA family. Both of those possibilities are not exactly what I would look forward too :D 

 

But I would buy it, that's for sure :D

 


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GIB!

gib.gif

 

On the side note - yeah, Wichita would make a nice premium. She's a little less known then the rest of the US cruisers, and would make a great tier VIII premium. Unfortunately, the way the US CA are implemented, tier VIII is pretty lackluster. That would mean, that Wichita would be either straight up better then New Orleans, which is not exactly fair and good idea, or it would be same/worse, which means it would occupy bottom levels of might in CA family. Both of those possibilities are not exactly what I would look forward too :D 

 

But I would buy it, that's for sure :D

 

 

It would be pretty hard to make her worse than NO IMO:sceptic: I'm really not impressed by the New Orleans, so Wichita would be better fo sho.


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In the context of a range buff to the whole US CA line, which indeed makes historical sense, then yes 17km would be good.


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Well, we have Indianapolis which is just better Pensacola, so... yeah, I think we would get just better NO, or worse Balti.


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