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Grolim

Explained: What is the origin of the battleship?

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Alpha Tester
34 posts

This is greatly simplified version of the development from ships of the line to the first battleship.

 

The mother

La Gloire 1860, the first ironclad ocean going warship. Read more about her here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_ironclad_Gloire

fr_gloire_coleurs.jpg

GLOIRE.JPG

 

The father

USS Monitor 1862, John Ericssons revolutionary design from the American civil war. Featuring concentrated armament in a single turret. It was useless in any type of open sea due to low water line clearance. Read more here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uss_monitor

USSmonitor05.jpg

bm-monitor-h60660.jpg

 

The stillborn child

HMS Captain 1869, the first attempt to combine ocean going ironclads with the Monitors turret idea. Lost at maiden voyage taking her designer with her. Note the low water clearance and full rigging... this together with the heavy turrets proved to be a bad combination. Read more here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Captain_%281869%29

HMS_Captain_4.jpg

3686923_450_450_674_0_fit_6_0f07b0ebf819

 

The successful child, the first true battleship

HMS Devastation 1871, the perfected blend between the Glorie and Monitor. Read more here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Devastation_%281871%29

Devastation_21-600x388.jpg

hms_devastation_cutaway_grande.jpg

 

Edited by Grolim
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Alpha Tester
34 posts

If we add cannon development ie breech loading and brown gunpowder, tactics change to "all-big-guns" and engine development in the form of steam turbines we will end up in (the second) revolutionary HMS Dreadnought  (1906)

HMS_Dreadnought_%281911%29_profile_drawi

This ship made entire fleets obsolete over night, this leap in technology also enabled Germany to challenge UK in naval power.

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Alpha Tester
229 posts
103 battles

Good post! well laid out. I like it :)

 

I also like the links to wikipedia, so that I can get more info if I want it.

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Alpha Tester
34 posts

can you write some new info about it not from wikipedia? i wanna know something more about this ship!

Well there is always the issue of how much do you want to know? Here is some more regarding Gloire:

Ship designer was Dupuy de Lôme. She was originally thought out as a 90 gun ship of the line but she was launched as a 60 gun ironclad frigate. Her internal structure was made of wood, the ship launched by the Brittish to counter Gloire one year later was however entirely made of iron her name is HMS Warrior (1860). Gloire was protected by a 12 cm thick armour belt who covered her from aft to stern and from waterline to battery deck. Her weight was 5675 ton and she made 13 knots powered by 4200hp machinery. Length 77,15m Width 16,16m depth 7,83m. Source the book Skeppet (1961) by Björn Landström  

 

Dupuy de Lôme got a cruiser (1887) named after him. Since they have this awesome looks of French 1890s ships I have to post a picture of it.

501040.jpg

 

Edited by Grolim

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