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Found 24 results

  1. Marc_7925

    ORP Blyskawica 1:400

    Meine Blyskawica von Mirage Hobby im Maßstab 1:400:
  2. cosmin

    Romanian Naval Forces

    I know it is only Closed Beta , and I don't know if this issue has been dealt with before this post , but I have a curiosity . Will Romanian ships be represented in-game ? As premiums or future rewards for accomplishing missions ( Like in WoT using personal missions or something else ). Although these ships will not be high-tiered (maybe tier 2-3 ?) , they will be a nice addition to the game ( a few months or more after release ) . I know they are not a priority , but do you plan adding other European ships into the game as special/premium warships ?
  3. Marc_7925

    ORP Blyskawica 1:400

    My interpretation of 1943 ORP Blyskawica (Mirage Hobby 1:400). She is also one of my favourites here at WoW:
  4. An interesting watch. I'm subbed to this channel, it has some very interesting historical content as a whole.
  5. "Much Better Than Any Anime Mod Out There, Satisfaction Guaranteed Or Your Internets Back" By WhiskeyWolf WHAT'S THIS MOD ABOUT? Basically, this modification for World of Warships aims to convert as much as possible the UI and text descriptions of the game, in order to make WoWs photorealistic (I've used real photos in high resolution of the WW2 conflict) and historically correct. Without forget to mention the documentary like flavour I've given to the art style of WoWs. FOR WHAT KIND OF PLAYER IS THIS MOD FOR? This mod aims to compel whoever loves the naval history behind World of Warships. Poeple that would love to see realistic pictures of their favorite warships implemented in the game client. People with much knowledge regarding the naval battles exploded inside the atlantic, mediterranean and pacific theatres. "If this was any more realistic you would have Japanese Kamikaze flying out of your monitor." By WhiskeyWolf WHO IS WORKING ON THIS PROJECT? Sys7ema (Ex. Founder of Team 20.3cm and Rising Sun), one of the very first modders during the Alpha of the game, also known in the global WoWs community for his great Kantai Collection modifications. Examples of his past works: WHO IS ADVISING THIS PROJECT? Chamorro, probably one of the most knowledgeable persons and contributors that Tsukotaku ever met, especially in this community. Wihtout his help and information, this project wouldn't be able to take off. WHAT'S THE STATUS OF THIS MOD? I've covered only 5% of the total GUI and 3% of the text descriptions as per 27/11/17, with much more to come during the following weeks! The results are incredible already: WHERE IS THE DOWNLOAD? Since the mod is in very early stage of delevopement the download is NOT AVAILABLE yet. I need first to rebalance the contrast of certain in-battles elements to make it actually playable by everyone in grayscale tones. Once this is done, I'll submit everything to WG in order to publish a working version with the lastest build of the game. This topic is just a showcase of the work that me and Chamorro are doing, to let know the community that such project is happening. HOW CAN YOU HELP US? Simple! By providing us with feedbacks and comments! What's better than having you, the users (The final target of this mod), express your thoughts about this "Photorealistic WW2 Total UI Conversion"? "MAN UP!" By WhiskeyWolf
  6. Continued from here: A further expanded list of Warships and other naval assets from WWII and prior, still active, with some very surprising examples and intriguing stories. Compiled by historian and author Dr. Mark Felton
  7. HMS Dragon was to have a interesting life and bar the Russian revolution and the day she met her fate a generally "Lucky" ship for her crews. A brief timeline of HMS Dragon's life is set out below:. 1918 The recently commissioned HMS Dragon (10th August) is credited with firing the last Naval shots of WW1 on the 9th of November 1918 when it engaged seaplanes off the German coast. The person credited with firing them was South African Maurice Green. 1919 17th October HMS Dragon defended the free states of Latvia and Estonia with shellfire against both advancing German Freikorps and Bolshevik forces but suffered 9 killed and 5 wounded when she was hit by three shells from a shore battery. 1933 30th May Noel Coward the well-known playwright, composer, director, actor and singer having arrived at Bermuda on the 28th on SS Roma blags his way on board HMS Dragon commanded by Captain Philip Louis Vian (of Altmark incident fame) whose first words on his discovery were “What the h*** are you doing on board this ship?” but after having some gin in the Captain’s cabin Coward was allowed to stay for a cruise on the ship ending on the Pacific side of the Panama canal. HMS Dragon then headed out into the Pacific for the China Station. 1934 13th August HMS Dragon rammed and sunk the small fuel ship SS Maplebranch in Montreal Harbour Her Captain Frederic Wake-Walker (known for later for Dunkirk, Sinking of the Bismarck and D Day) was found to be liable for the sinking. 1935 16th August my cousin, once removed, Wilfred joined the ship in Chatham as a Marine Gunner joining the Royal Marine crew of about 50. The ship sailed for the Bermuda Station. In December Wilfred Crossed the Line (Equator) for the first time becoming a "Trusty Shell Back" This was a southern summer cruise going as far South as the Argentine Capital Buenos Aires. 1936 25th October HMS Dragon unsuccessfully tried to tow the large Republican Spanish cruise liner the Cristobal Colon off a reef north of Bermuda - the wreck remains on the reef to this day. The crew of the Cristobal Colon both men and women were all killed on their return to Spain. 1937 June Wilfred my Cousin, once removed, left HMS Dragon and briefly joined HMS Diomede another D Class before joining HMS Ajax a Leander Class Light Cruiser a ship he was to serve on into the second world war and the Battle of the River Plate. In WW2 Dragon was considered a lucky ship by her Commonwealth crew in British service (many in the crew were South Africans). Her only damage was 37 splinter holes and a dead canary from shore battery fire at Dakar by Vichy French forces in September 1940 where she assisted in sinking a Vichy submarine. (Wilfred coincidently by that time was a Sergeant in 101st Royal Marine Battalion and was on a landing ship at Dakar with a map of the Vichy artillery positions awaiting a order to disembark which never came. His first assault landing would be at Dieppe with 40 Commando) . 1941 HMS Dragon then transferred to the Far East and despite being the last naval ship to leave Singapore before it fell in late 1941 and being under regular Japanese air attack in and around the Java sea and the other UK and Dutch naval bases in the area in 1942. HMS Dragon due mostly to engine trouble was to miss all of the major surface engagements with the Japanese which sent most of her ABDA naval compatriots to the bottom of the sea. 1943 after a slow return from the Far East via Southern Africa on 15th January HMS Dragon was modernised in the UK and handed over to the Polish Navy and renamed ORP Dragon. Although the name remained the same the word Dragon in Polish relates more closely to the Dragoon type soldier. 6th of June 1944 ORP Dragon successfully engaged and silenced shore batteries during D Day landings off Sword Beach. July 1944 a month later just off the D Day Sward Beach ORP Dragon was about to bombard strong points inland around the city of Caen to support a new offensive when she was hit by a manned German torpedo killing 26 Polish Sailors, though it did not sink the ship, she was considered beyond economic repair. Shortly after this ORP Dragon was scuttled as a Mulberry "B" Harbour blockship.
  8. Guderian_1234

    Spiel und Realität

    Im Trainingsbereich von WOWS habe ich verschiedene Schlachtschiffe und Kreuzer unter definierten Bedingungen mit Artillerie und Torpedos beschossen bis sie sanken -> Erhebliche Abweichungen von der in den Schiffsbeschreibungen dargestellten Standfestigkeiten, Panzerung des jeweiligen Schiffsbereiches und der Ermittelten Geschosswirkung. So hat sich z.B. das Superschlachtschiff Yamato mit seinem 410mm dicken Seitenpanzer als eines der empfindlichsten Tier 7 - 10 Schlachtschiffe herausgestellt. Fast jeder Treffer (5 - 8) mit einer 406mm Hauptartillerie der Iowa oder auch 381 mm der Tirpitz hat zu einem Zitadellentreffer also Durchschlagstreffer im Magazinbereich geführt. Selbst bei der an der Seite relativ schwach gepanzerten NC konnte ich nur 1 Zitadellentreffer erzielen. Enfernung betrug etwa 2000m. Ergebnis war recht gut reproduzierbar.
  9. KARDS - Gra karciana z czasów II wojny światowej. ('' Appeared '' na WOT GENERALS.) Generałom, których bardzo lubiłem, szkoda, że ich nie zachowali lub dodali jako część trylogii wg. Ale hej, jeśli podobała ci się ta gra, to można to zrobić nawet jeśli jest w fazie alfa. Możesz zagrać w parę z kodem, który wyśle ci e-mailem, wysłał aplikację z oficjalnej strony internetowej; https://www.kardsccg.com/ Tutaj masz podstawowy przewodnik po grze; https://www.1939games.com/kards-alpha-guide Discord Channel; https://discordapp.com/invite/kards Niektóre filmy z youtube;
  10. KARDS - Jeu de cartes de la seconde guerre mondiale. ('' Apparu '' sur WOT-GENERALS.) Les wot-generals m'ont beaucoup plu, dommage qu'ils ne les gardent pas ou ne les ajoutent pas dans le cadre de la trilogie wg. Mais bon, si vous avez aimé ce jeu, celui-ci pourrait aussi le faire même si c'est en phase alpha. Vous pouvez jouer à la vapeur avec un code qui vous enverra par e-mail, envoyé une demande à partir de son site officiel; https://www.kardsccg.com/ Ici vous avez un guide de base sur le jeu; https://www.1939games.com/kards-alpha-guide Discord Channel; https://discordapp.com/invite/kards Certaines vidéos de YouTube;
  11. KARDS - Gioco di carte della seconda guerra mondiale. ('' Appeared '' presso WOT-GENERALS.) I generali dei wot mi sono piaciuti moltissimo, peccato che non l'abbiano tenuto o aggiunto come parte della trilogia wg. Ma hey, se ti è piaciuto quel gioco, anche questo potrebbe farlo anche se è in fase alpha. Puoi giocare a vapore con un codice che ti invierà via e-mail, ha inviato un'applicazione dal suo sito ufficiale; https://www.kardsccg.com/ Qui hai una guida di base sul gioco; https://www.1939games.com/kards-alpha-guide Discord Channel; https://discordapp.com/invite/kards Alcuni video da youtube;
  12. KARDS - Karetní hra WW2. ('' Appeared '' na WOT-GENERALS.) Vůdcové generálové se mi moc líbili, škoda, že je nezachovávali nebo je přidali jako součást trilogie. Ale hej, jestli se vám tato hra líbí, může to udělat i když je v alfa fázi. Můžete jej hrát v paru s kódem, který vám pošle e-mailem, poslal žádost z oficiálních webových stránek; https://www.kardsccg.com/ Zde najdete základní průvodce hry; https://www.1939games.com/kards-alpha-guide Diskordní kanál; https://discordapp.com/invite/kards Některá videa z youtube;
  13. KARDS - Kartenspiel des Zweiten Weltkriegs. (Erschien bei WOT-GENERALS.) Die wot-Generäle, die ich sehr mochte, schade, dass sie es nicht behalten oder als Teil der wg-Trilogie hinzugefügt haben. Aber hey, wenn dir dieses Spiel gefallen würde, könnte dieses auch in der Alpha-Phase gemacht werden. Sie können es in Dampf mit einem Code spielen, der Sie per E-Mail sendet, schickte eine Anwendung von seiner offiziellen Website; https://www.kardsccg.com/ Hier haben Sie eine grundlegende Anleitung zum Spiel. https://www.1939games.com/kards-alpha-guide Discord-Kanal; https://discordapp.com/invite/kards Einige Videos von youtube;
  14. KARDS - Card game of the WW2. ('' Appeared '' at WOT-GENERALS.) The wot-generals I liked very much, a pity that they did not keep it or add it as part of the wg trilogy. But hey, if you liked that game, this one could also do it even if it's in alpha phase. You can play it in steam with a code that will send you via email, sent an application from its official website; https://www.kardsccg.com/ Here you have a basic guide on the game; https://www.1939games.com/kards-alpha-guide Discord Channel; https://discordapp.com/invite/kards Some videos from youtube; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fOtmL3pmfUA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o3YbbFAtEPM
  15. KARDS - Juego de cartas de la WW2. ( ´´Parecido´´ al WOT-GENERALS. ) El wot-generals me gustaba mucho, una pena que no lo mantuviesen o añadieran como parte de la trilogia de wg. Pero bueno, si os gusto ese juego, este tambien podria hacerlo aunque este en fase alpha. Podeis jugarlo en steam con un codigo que os mandaran via email, mandado una aplicacion desde su web oficial ; https://www.kardsccg.com/ Aqui teneis una guia basica sobre el juego ; https://www.1939games.com/kards-alpha-guide Canal de Discord ; https://discordapp.com/invite/kards Algunos videos de youtube ; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fOtmL3pmfUA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o3YbbFAtEPM
  16. Hello Captains. Hello friends. I collect some info about kamikaze pilots in WW2. I make a small video and i hope you find it interesting. If you enjoy it you can follow me on my Twitch channel https://www.twitch.tv/elladaris or you can subscribe on my Youtube channel https://www.youtube.com/user/trelamenos1982. Many info i find them on https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamikaze Perhaps some day we will see in gameplay when some CV dies the airplanes left behind have some % kamikaze skill and not to simply remain in the air. "IDEA FOR WG" Kamikaze aircraft were essentially pilot-guided explosive missiles, purpose-built or converted from conventional aircraft. Pilots would attempt to crash their aircraft into enemy ships in what was called a "body attack" (体当たり; 体当り,taiatari) in planes laden with some combination of explosives, bombs, torpedoes and full fuel tanks; accuracy was much better than a conventional attack, the payload and explosion larger. A kamikaze could sustain damage which would disable a conventional attacker and still achieve its objective. The goal of crippling or destroying large numbers of Allied ships, particularly aircraft carriers, was considered by the Empire of Japan to be a just reason for sacrificing pilots and aircraft. These attacks, which began in October 1944, followed several critical military defeats for the Japanese. They had long since lost aerial dominance due to outdated aircraft and the loss of experienced pilots. On a macroeconomic scale, Japan suffered from a diminishing capacity for war, and a rapidly declining industrial capacity relative to the Allies. Despite these problems, the Japanese government expressed its reluctance to surrender. In combination, these factors led to the use of kamikaze tactics as Allied forces advanced towards the Japanese home islands.While the term "kamikaze" usually refers to the aerial strikes, it has also been applied to various other suicide attacks. The Japanese military also used or made plans for non-aerial Japanese Special Attack Units, including those involvingsubmarines, human torpedoes, speedboats and divers. The tradition of death instead of defeat, capture, and perceived shame was deeply entrenched in Japanese military culture. It was one of the primary traditions in the samurai life and the Bushido code: loyalty and honour until death, as the Japanese perceived it. Before the formation of kamikaze units, pilots had made deliberate crashes as a last resort when their planes had suffered severe damage and they did not want to risk being captured, or wanted to do as much damage to the enemy as possible, since they were crashing anyway; such situations occurred in both the Axis and Allied air forces. Axell and Kase see these suicides as "individual, impromptu decisions by men who were mentally prepared to die".The case of Nikolai Gastello's taran on 26 June 1941 passed into Soviet air-warfare lore. In most cases, little evidence exists that such hits represented more than accidental collisions of the kind that sometimes happen in intense sea or air battles. One example of this occurred on 7 December 1941 during the attack on Pearl Harbor. First Lieutenant Fusata Iida's plane had taken a hit and had started leaking fuel when he apparently used it to make a suicide attack on Kaneohe Naval Air Station. Before taking off, he had told his men that if his plane were to become badly damaged he would crash it into a "worthy enemy target". The carrier battles in 1942, particularly Midway, inflicted irreparable damage on the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service (IJNAS), such that they could no longer put together a large number of fleet carriers with well-trained aircrews.Japanese planners had assumed a quick war and lacked comprehensive programmes to replace the losses of ships, pilots, and sailors; at Midway in June 1942 the Japanese lost as many aircrewmen in a single day as their pre-war training program had produced in a year.The following Solomon Islands campaign (1942-1945) and the New Guinea campaign (1942-1945), notably the Battles of Eastern Solomons (August 1942) and Santa Cruz (October 1942), further decimated the IJNAS veteran aircrews, and replacing their combat experience proved impossible. During 1943–1944, U.S. forces steadily advanced toward Japan. Newer U.S.-made planes, especially the Grumman F6F Hellcat and Vought F4U Corsair, began to outnumber and outclass Japan's fighter planes. Tropical diseases, as well as shortages of spare parts and fuel, made operations more and more difficult for the IJNAS. By the Battle of the Philippine Sea (June 1944) the Japanese had to make do with obsolete aircraft and inexperienced aviators in the fight against better-trained and more experienced US Navy airmen who flew radar-directed combat air patrols. The Japanese lost over 400 carrier-based planes and pilots in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, effectively putting an end to their carriers' potency. Allied aviators called the action the "Great Marianas Turkey Shoot". On June 19, 1944 planes from the carrier Chiyoda approached a US task group. According to some accounts, two made suicide attacks, one of which hit USS Indiana. The important Japanese base of Saipan fell to the Allied forces on 15 July 1944. Its capture provided adequate forward bases which enabled U.S. air forces using the Boeing B-29 Superfortress to strike at the Japanese home islands. After the fall of Saipan, the Japanese High Command predicted that the Allies would try to capture the Philippines, strategically important to Tokyo because of their location between the oilfields of Southeast Asia and Japan. St Lo attacked by kamikazes, 25 October 1944 The sinking of the ocean tug USS Sonoma on 24 October is listed in some sources as the first ship lost to a kamikaze strike, but the attack occurred before 25 October, and the aircraft used, a Mitsubishi G4M, was not flown by the original four Special Attack Squadrons.Several suicide attacks, carried out during the invasion of Leyte, by Japanese pilots from units other than the Special Attack Force, have been described as the first kamikaze attack. Early on 21 October, a Japanese aircraft, possibly a Navy Aichi D3A dive-bomber or an Army Mitsubishi Ki-51 (of the 6th Flying Brigade, Imperial Japanese Army Air Force deliberately crashed into the foremast of the heavy cruiser HMAS Australia.The attack killed 30 personnel, including the cruiser's captain, Emile Dechaineux, and wounded 64, including the Australian force commander, Commodore John Collins.The Australian official history of the war claimed that this was the first kamikaze attack on an Allied ship, although other sources disagree because it was not a planned attack by a member of the Special Attack Force, but was most likely to have been undertaken on the pilot's own initiative. On 25 October 1944, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the Kamikaze Special Attack Force carried out its first mission. Five A6M Zeros, led by Seki, and escorted to the target by leading Japanese ace Hiroyoshi Nishizawa, attacked several escort carriers. One Zero attempted to hit the bridge of USS Kitkun Bay but instead exploded on the port catwalk and cartwheeled into the sea. Two others dived at USS Fanshaw Bay but were destroyed byanti-aircraft fire. The last two ran at USS White Plains. One, under heavy fire and trailing smoke, aborted the attempt on White Plains and instead banked toward USS St. Lo, plowing into the flight deck. Its bomb caused fires that resulted in the bomb magazine exploding, sinking the carrier. By day's end on 26 October, 55 kamikazes from the Special Attack Force had also damaged the large escort carriers USS Sangamon, Suwannee which had
  17. EU Post: Hello, I am very much interested in doing a life-like (scaled down of course) replica of a warship (WW2 Era)... I cannot seem to find any 3D renders online, the ones I do find however either: A. Poor quality/Do not exist B. Cost money to access C. Are not clear of what exactly I am getting by signing up e.g. is it a VISUAL/website interactive access? or can I DOWNLOAD and possibly EDIT it? The question is: Is it possible to extract the current 3D model(s) (e.g. IJN Minekaze) from the game 'World of Warships' to view in a program (Scaleform)? Likely Answer: I am assuming NO. While I do not make mods, I assume the models are in a bunch of small files (to save space) and Wargaming used a type of converter so their models are indeed in a scatter of files non-accessible to players, but Dev's could indeed access them/repack them. If any of you have an answer to this little post of mine, then do please reply! P.s. the website gamemodels3d.com has accessible 3d models, are these models downloadable and viewable/editable in a program? if so then do please reply! (and if you could send me a model that'd be nice too) example of viewable model: http://gamemodels3d....ehicles/pjsd004 Thanks -DD
  18. Quick visual quiz on the historical naval battle of the Coral sea. the first battle in which the participants did not have visual contact. enjoy! http://remorika.com/quiz-on-the-battle-of-the-coral-sea/
  19. Hello everyone. I've come to ask about the 15 Inch (38cm) SK C/34 Naval Guns that Germany made in the mid- 1930's. - A typical average ingame is that the traverse speed of turrets seem to stay put on about 2o a second, but the german 15 inch guns were electrically powered and could have a traverse speed of 5.4o per second. - The 15 inch SK C/34 had a apparant RoF of 2.5 shells per minute, with a dispersion of 50 meters. The Warspite has 216m dispersion ive been told. Can anyone tell me if these things were true or give me a proper technical opinion on this? I dont know where to go to recieve reliable facts about these guns, and i would like to know abit more about the best naval guns Germany made in WW2. A small bonus question would be: How efficient were the FuMo 23 Search Radar as a rangefinder? Thank you if you know the answers. All i want is simply to know realistically what these pieces of equipment were capable of.
  20. Do you guys know something about German aircraft carriers ? I read something about the Graf Zeppelin class , and it says that only one was commissioned . (What tier do you think it can fit in ? As a premium or special ship )
  21. Hello everyone! "Navygaming" reminds you of its existence - we are very glad to post an article (not a magazine, unfortunately). Its author - Barry F. Poulson - tells you about the Aleution Campaign which became Admiral Yamamoto's final hand and which appears to be the turning point in WW2 for him. Why? Let's read the article! The Aleutian Campaign (by Barry F. Poulson aka Wulfnose) Admiral Yamamoto’s plan for the capture of Midway and the invasion of the Aleutian Islands was no less brilliant than his plan for the attack on Pearl Harbor. What went wrong? S. Morris, Jr, writes, “[Harvard] Classmates would have remembered Yamamoto well: a hard worker but not a grind, exceptionally curious and imaginative. When they introduced him to the game of poker, he became a fanatical poker player who would stay up all night, winning hand after hand.” Years later, as a naval attaché at the Japanese embassy and still a compulsive poker player, Yamamoto gambled with members of the United States military. “Spurred on by his victories,” Morris writes, “he developed contempt for the mental agility of his American naval opponents at the poker table.” When Yamamoto dealt his hand for the domination of the Pacific, little did he know he was dealing from a marked deck. Del Kostka writes “But Nimitz had a trump card … US Navy cryptographers at Pearl Harbor had just broken the Japanese naval code. By late May of 1942, Admiral Nimitz knew about the Midway and Aleutian operations, the approximate dates of the attack, and the relative strength of both the Northern and Central Area Fleets.” Nimitz sent Admiral Theobald north with Task Force 8 to contain Admiral Hosogaya’s assault on the Aleutian Islands. Hosogaya was betrayed by more than the code. Weather hindered the launching of planes, and when his reduced force attacked Dutch Harbor, they found it fully prepared. A second attack was more successful, but a downed Zero was later recovered, repaired, and flown by the Americans, who developed strategies for engaging the Zero. Returning Vals ran into a flight of P-40’s, which destroyed four. Aboard the Nachi, Hosogaya read Yamamoto’s order to halt action against Dutch Harbor, abandon the assault on Adak, and join the Midway attack group. Nimitz had read Yamamoto’s hand, and Japan paid the price. How different my life would have been, if there was life for me at all, without this turn of fate. Rather than capture Adak, Hosogaya took Kiska and Attu. The US built an airbase on Adak, and there my Father was posted as an Aviation Ordnanceman. He told me about the harsh conditions, the cruel Williwaw wind, lines strung between Quonset hut and mess hall to walk through the fog, and the arming and rearming of planes around the clock. My Father came home; many did not. The invasion of Kiska and Attu, six months after Pearl Harbor, left the Japanese in a strong position in the western Aleutians. To lift this occupation, the US needed to accumulate forces and to build forward bases to support the invasion. The transformation of Adak into a military base was a remarkable engineering feat. A flooded tidal basin was transformed into an airfield. Army engineers installed an ingenious drainage system which provided a usable airfield in less than two weeks. The airfield was decked with steel matting by the US infantry, covering 1,500,000 square feet in just 36 hours. Adak was occupied on August 26th and 27th. The first combat mission, comprised of 12 B-24 bombers escorted by 28 fighters, attacked Japanese forces on Kiska on September 14th. Attacks were constant, weather permitting, with heavy damage to troops, installations, and ships at Kiska. Dad told me about the winters on Adak, of partially covering the Quonset hut with earth against the cold and sound of planes taking off overhead. I knew about bore-sighting an airplane’s guns to fit a pilot’s preferences, mixes of armor-piercing and incendiary, and how, when they were ordered to dispose of old mortar rounds, they chose the most expedient way—they borrowed a mortar from the Army. I expect that my Father and his crew were the best mortarmen in the United States Navy! The Japanese formed a supply convoy bound for their Aleutian holdings. The US was aware of the convoy, but not that it was escorted by two heavy cruisers, two light cruisers, and four destroyers under, Admiral Hosogaya. The convoy was intercepted 180 miles west of Kiska by Admiral McMorris with a force of one heavy cruiser, one light cruiser, and four destroyers. Both fleets suffered damage, but the weaker American fleet managed to withdraw. While a tactical loss for the US, the convey turned back, and from then on, Japanese forces in the Aleutians could only be supplied by submarines. Plans were made for the liberation of Kiska because of its airfield and harbor, but plans can change. Attu appeared to be weakly defended, with an estimated defense force of 500 men with only three rifle companies, as compared to 5,000 men on Kiska. Little was known about conditions on Attu. Maps were sketchy, and Japanese installations well camouflaged. The defenders had dug in far from the beaches, with sniper and machine gun posts along the upper sides of the mountain passes. The US landed 11,000 troops in their assault. The Japanese soldiers had been on Attu for a year, were fully acclimated to its harsh conditions and put up a determined defense. US estimates of how many defenders they faced were raised. After American reinforcements arrived, the assault was pressed home. The last 1,000 Japanese defenders charged the American position; cries of “Banzai!” echoed through the dense fog The Japanese charge reached the US hospital. Atrocities committed at the hospital hardened US hearts for the rest of the war. In the final count, of the nearly 3,000 Japanese defenders, only 30 survived. The fortunes of war had dealt the Japanese defenders of Attu an impossible hand. When the cards were turned over, they revealed two black aces and two black eights—the dead man’s hand of Wild Bill Hickok fame. The fifth card, the fateful hole-card was yet to be revealed… Schooled by the intense defense of Attu, the US prepared “Operation Cottage,” the liberation of Kiska. The Americans expected to meet more than 5,000 defenders, and sent nearly 35,000 troops and 95 ships, including three battleships and a heavy cruiser. The assault stormed ashore, but when the Americans turned the last card in the Attu hand, they revealed a joker! In intense fog on July 29, 1943, Japanese surface forces were able to evacuate Kiska. Boarding was completed in 55 minutes! The invading force found only ruins, but 300 soldiers were lost to mines and friendly fire. The Fletcher-class destroyer Abner Reed struck a mine and lost 70 men. The US weather station mascot, Explosion, cared for by the Japanese during their occupation, was there to greet the fleet with a wagging tail. How did America overcome Japan’s lead in the Pacific, while fighting a primary front in Europe? The total mobilization of US industrial might overwhelmed the Axis. Steady attrition, compounded by the blockade of raw materials and loss of skilled personnel, left Japanese planners with less and less to work with. Troops and fleets were outnumbered. Yamamoto said, of Pearl Harbor, “"I'm afraid all we have done is awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve." At home, transformation of America to an arsenal was complete and immediate. My Grandfather’s lathe at the refrigeration factory in Tecumseh was producing 37mm anti-tank rounds, while my Grandmother worked at the Liberator plant at Willow Run. No worries about quality control there—my Uncle flew B-24 Liberators. Tires were rationed, sugar was rationed, and drivers donated the bumpers from their cars at scrap yards to support the war effort. Admiral Yamamoto was no doubt unaware that, on April 18, 1943, he was dealt his final hand. Again, American Intelligence had read his cards: his itinerary was known, and at the order of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 18 P-38G’s with special drop tanks were dispatched on the 1,000 mile “Operation Vengeance.” Two Betty medium bombers carrying Yamamoto and his chief of staff, Admiral Matome Ugaki, were shot down. Ugaki survived, but Kiagun Tiashō (Admiral) Isoroku Yamamoto died in battle of his wounds. When you read Admiral Morison’s History of United States Naval Operations in World War Two, it is difficult not to see coincidence and to wonder at the crafty judgments of the American Admirals. Morison wrote without knowledge of the intercepts US intelligence used to turn the tide of the war. Tens of thousands of Americans survived who would have died if America had not read Yamamoto’s hand. Just as many brave Japanese perished, including its finest Admiral, never knowing how America knew exactly what to expect. There must have been some free time on Adak. My Father was always a good poker player. After he came home, he was phenomenal. He could play cards for hours, remembering every card that was played. I wonder how he and Yamamoto would have fared at poker. A tragedy of war is that we will never know. Today, the U.S. naval base on Adak is gone. Efforts to restore the island continue. I drove the Alcan Highway in 1982, four days from Minneapolis to Fairbanks, and later managed to catch a flight out of Anchorage, flying to Adak on a gutsy Lockheed Electra. A rare sunny day, some greenery, a few flowers, but scars of the base and its battles still remained. It was hard to imagine the Williwaws, fog, roar of the planes, and thousands of sailors and soldiers living along that beautiful harbor. Everyone can point to a turning point in WWII. For me, my personal turning point was the Aleutian Campaign.
  22. general_B

    USS Missouri - BB-63

    Hey folks! Ive been doing some research about the USS Missouri (BB-63) and, because I’ve some spare time, I’d like to share a bit of this info. Before I start, I want to say that I’m Dutch, so please don’t note the errors in the text, thank you! Some general info about Mighty Mo Yes, Mighty Mo. This is one of the nicknames of the Missouri (Big Mo is the other one, but I like Mighty Mo better). The Mighty Mo was the last battleship ever to be built by the USN (United States Navy). She was finished in 1944, commissioned as Flagship and just in time to fight along in the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa. The Mighty Mo is the ship where the WWII officially ended: at her rear deck the Instrument of Surrender was signed at the 2nd of September 1945, 09:25. After WWII After WWII, Mighty Mo was travelling across the globe, being present at countless (important) ceremonies. At the 17th of January 1950, the Missouri was heading to the open seas for a training mission, where some idiot ran her at a sandbank or so. She was stuck there for 2 weeks. Korean War When in 1950 the Koreans wanted to play soldier, Mighty Mo was assigned to be present too. She was the first American battleship to be present at the Korean waters, and within 24 hours she started spitting her 16”shells towards the Korean cost (the city of Samcheok). Personally I’m not really interested in this period, but if you want to know the details of the Korean war and the Missouri, just click the link below (a direct link to download a PDF file) http://www.ussmissou...ument.doc?id=15 After the Korean war, the Missouri was serving as floating museum in Bremerton, Washington. With an average of 180.000 visitors a year, she was a quite popular spot for the tourists. Reagan Administration’s program I don’t really know a lot about this program, but the point is that the Missouri was modernized in 1984, so she could serve a little longer. Gulf War Well, after 7 years it turned out that the modernization was quite useful. In 1991 the gulf war started, and our beloved USS Missouri was sailing over the waves again towards the Middle East. And finally, on 29 January 1991 she fired her 16”guns again. The last time she fired those guns was in the Korean war (somewhere in 1953). They liked these guns so much, that they started firing shells at the 3rd February for 3 days in a row. In these days she fired 112 shells at the beaches of Iraqi. This means that she fired somewhere near 135 TONS towards the Iraqis (each shell weights around 1200 kg). I can ensure you this hurt a lot! In total she fired 759 rounds in the Gulf war, After the Gulf Since the Gulf the Missouri is resting from her job. The first 8 years she was docked at Bremerton again. At 22 June 1998 she was docked at Pearl Harbor, as she still is. (I will tell a little more about her later on) Ship details The Missouri was an Iowa-classed battleship. This class was designed to be fast battleships, and fast she was! At her top-speed she could travel a stunning 33knots ( 61km/h or 38mph). below is a comparison with other battleships: Iowa class 33 knot 61km/h 38mph Bismarck class 30 knot 55km/h 34mph Admiral class 28 knot 52km/h 32 mph Yamato class 27 knot 50km/h 31 mph According to a website I found, the Iowa class battleship was the best battleship ever made. (link) And yes, I agree with them The hull Length: 270.4 mtr / 887.2 ft Beam (the widest part of the ship): 33.0mtr / 108.2 ft Draft (depth): 8.8 mtr / 28.9 ft Belt armor (side armor of the hull): 310mm Bulkheads (armored walls within the hull, separating compartments): 290mm Barbettes (armor around a gun): between 290 and 440 mm Turrets: 500mm Deck: 190mm The original armament And finally, finally we land on the part where it’s all about: Very big guns that give very big booms! The armament of the Missouri was awesome, see the list below The main armament consisted of 3 3-gun turrets (2 frontal, 1 rear). These guns were 16” guns. Also she carried 20 5” guns, in twin turrets. The anti-air defense of the Missouri consisted of 80 40mm AA guns, mostly quad-mounted Beside the 40mm Bofors, she carried 49 20mm AA guns (weird amount, I know. I don’t know why) The modernized armament After the modernization in 1984, the 40mm and 20mm AA guns were all removed, and refitted with 4 20mm Phanlanx Anti Air and Anti Rocked guns. Together with the new AA defense, she got a set of complete new toys: box- and quad launchers which could launch Tomahawk and Harpoon missiles. The main armament The main armament of the Missouri was the most modern in the whole pacific theatre (when she was launched) It consisted of 9 16”guns (16”/50 caliber Mark 7). The turrets were, as I said before, 3-gun and not triple. This means that every gun in a turret could be elevated and fired separately. The turret The turret of a ship is not only the visible part (a box with a few sticks pointing out). It’s a little bit more than that. Every turret has a ‘tower’ underneath it, where things like loading belts and shells and so are stored. Each turret required a 94 man crew to operate and cost over 1,4 million dollars each, without the armament. The guns The guns were designed to shoot 2 types of ammo: AP shells, weighting 1225KG each (AP Mark 8), and HE shells, weighting around 860KG each(HC Mark 13). It seemed that the guns could fire also the Nuclear Mark 23 shells, which, I think, have the same effect as a very small atom bomb (so it should be fun to fire those once) The barrels of the guns were 50 calibers long, so 50*406mm == 20mtr and weighted over 100.000 kg each. The guns could spit her shells over a stunning 40 km range (with the ‘normal’ powder charge of 300kg), travelling at almost 2700 feet per second (I bet you don’t walk that fast), with a rate of 2 shells per minute. Normally, the guns would only receive the Ford created Fire Control Computers. But, at that time the USN had developed a radar which could be combined with the rangekeeper. With this equipment, the Missouri could use her radar to track and destroy enemy targets with improved range and accuracy. Luckily, the Japanese didn’t develop such a thing, so the USN had a great advantage over them. Secondary battery As secondary armament, the Missouri got 10 turrets, each carrying 2 Mark 12 5”/38 caliber guns. These guns were somewhere near 5.5 meters long and weighted just 1800 kg each. The shells weighted around 25 kg each, and could be fired over 16 KM with an average of 15 shells per minute. The shells left the barrel at an average of 2500 fps. The removed and replaced guns When modernized in 1948, the 40mm and 20mm Boford AA guns were removed. Those guns were supposed to destroy enemy aircraft and were manually operated. These guns were stripped from the Missouri, and replaced by 4 Phalanx CIWS systems. These high-tech weapon systems are designed to shoot incoming aircraft AND rockets. Due the 2 radar antennas and control computer, the system can hit a hair at the other side of the world (the official range is classified). Unconfirmed sources says they have a range of 2KM, but it’s a little short if you ask me. The CIWS can shoot her 2cm shells up to 4500 rounds per minute, which travel at a speed of 3600 feet per second. Normally the guns use AP rounds when mounted at a ship and HE rounds when used on land. New added weapons Together with the Phalanx CIWS, the Missouri also received 32 Tomahawk cruise missiles and 16 Harpoon missiles. The Tomahawks are long-range missiles, which travel at a speed of 880 KM/h. The missiles are jet-powered and can be fired over a range of 2500KM, carrying a 450KG warhead. With different warheads available, this rocked can be used to destroy anything between a tree house and an underground bunker. The Harpoon missiles are sea-to-sea missiles, designed to take out enemy vessels at 120KM. These missiles are designed to fly low over the sea, to prevent being spotted on radar and to prevent it from being shot down (at least it’s harder to hit them). The missiles carry a warhead containing 220KG explosives. Guided by radar and terminal homing, this missile almost reaches 100% accuracy. Quad launchpod The USS Missouri now After the Gulf War, the USS Missouri was retired from service and is resting from her hard work. The first years of her retirement, she spent at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard , Bremerton, Washington state. At 12 January 1995 she was struck from the Naval Vessel Register, so she could not be put into action again. On 4 May 1998 the Missouri was donated to the USS Missouri Memorial Association. She was towed to fresh water, to clean the hull from salt-water organisms and finally at the 22th of June, 1998 she was docked at her place in Pearl Harbor, where she is at only 500 meters from the Arizona Memorial. The Missouri is placed in such a way that she is facing the Arizona Memorial and she is guarding over the people who died in the Arizona’s hull, so they can rest in peace. In 2009 she left her retirement place and she headed towards the Pearl Harbor Navy Shipyard, where she was overhauled. In 2010 she was back on her station, on Battleship Row. In total she deserved three battle stars during WWII, five during the Korean War and three during the Gulf War. Besides those battle stars she received loads of other awards. After all she is resting and guarding the dead. I hope you liked reading and there might be a research on the USS Arizona also (depends on the spare time I have) Greetings and see you on the ocean sailors! General_B
  23. Hello, As a naval warfare enthusiast, i'm looking forward to play World of Warships and hope to find a fun and distracting game. I have been a player of naval wargames online and around a game table for some years. I will begin soon my third naval battle using the "Amirauté" ruleset heavily modified and managed by a referee : http://boardgamegeek.../17482/amiraute http://uppix.net/5/c...e74edda5ett.jpg Picture courtesy of : http://modelshipgallery.com During my first battle i was in charge of the Fuso and Yamashiro battleships which have been unfortunately sunk by their United-States counterpart. For the second battle i was tasked with escorting the battleship Musashi and again the same fate awaited me. The third battle is scheduled to be launched soon with less players (a dozen max) and i will be commandering Italian Battleships during an engagement against the british Force H in the "Mare Nostrum". I also play the Second World War at Sea : Bomb Alley ruleset : http://boardgamegeek...-sea-bomb-alley I hope to have one day the time and patience to try more heavier sets like Harpoon or Seekrieg. Is there other players of naval wargames around who enjoy as much as i do recreating historical battles or inventing cold war or modern engagements ? Regards. Nicolas
  24. On wikipedia you have some awesome pictures of ships with fire-acrs and other information. Those pictures are in public domain and can be found here: http://www.coatneyhi...om/drawings.htm Have fun :Smile_honoring: