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Found 6 results

  1. general_B

    USS Missouri - BB-63

    Hey folks! Ive been doing some research about the USS Missouri (BB-63) and, because I’ve some spare time, I’d like to share a bit of this info. Before I start, I want to say that I’m Dutch, so please don’t note the errors in the text, thank you! Some general info about Mighty Mo Yes, Mighty Mo. This is one of the nicknames of the Missouri (Big Mo is the other one, but I like Mighty Mo better). The Mighty Mo was the last battleship ever to be built by the USN (United States Navy). She was finished in 1944, commissioned as Flagship and just in time to fight along in the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa. The Mighty Mo is the ship where the WWII officially ended: at her rear deck the Instrument of Surrender was signed at the 2nd of September 1945, 09:25. After WWII After WWII, Mighty Mo was travelling across the globe, being present at countless (important) ceremonies. At the 17th of January 1950, the Missouri was heading to the open seas for a training mission, where some idiot ran her at a sandbank or so. She was stuck there for 2 weeks. Korean War When in 1950 the Koreans wanted to play soldier, Mighty Mo was assigned to be present too. She was the first American battleship to be present at the Korean waters, and within 24 hours she started spitting her 16”shells towards the Korean cost (the city of Samcheok). Personally I’m not really interested in this period, but if you want to know the details of the Korean war and the Missouri, just click the link below (a direct link to download a PDF file) http://www.ussmissou...ument.doc?id=15 After the Korean war, the Missouri was serving as floating museum in Bremerton, Washington. With an average of 180.000 visitors a year, she was a quite popular spot for the tourists. Reagan Administration’s program I don’t really know a lot about this program, but the point is that the Missouri was modernized in 1984, so she could serve a little longer. Gulf War Well, after 7 years it turned out that the modernization was quite useful. In 1991 the gulf war started, and our beloved USS Missouri was sailing over the waves again towards the Middle East. And finally, on 29 January 1991 she fired her 16”guns again. The last time she fired those guns was in the Korean war (somewhere in 1953). They liked these guns so much, that they started firing shells at the 3rd February for 3 days in a row. In these days she fired 112 shells at the beaches of Iraqi. This means that she fired somewhere near 135 TONS towards the Iraqis (each shell weights around 1200 kg). I can ensure you this hurt a lot! In total she fired 759 rounds in the Gulf war, After the Gulf Since the Gulf the Missouri is resting from her job. The first 8 years she was docked at Bremerton again. At 22 June 1998 she was docked at Pearl Harbor, as she still is. (I will tell a little more about her later on) Ship details The Missouri was an Iowa-classed battleship. This class was designed to be fast battleships, and fast she was! At her top-speed she could travel a stunning 33knots ( 61km/h or 38mph). below is a comparison with other battleships: Iowa class 33 knot 61km/h 38mph Bismarck class 30 knot 55km/h 34mph Admiral class 28 knot 52km/h 32 mph Yamato class 27 knot 50km/h 31 mph According to a website I found, the Iowa class battleship was the best battleship ever made. (link) And yes, I agree with them The hull Length: 270.4 mtr / 887.2 ft Beam (the widest part of the ship): 33.0mtr / 108.2 ft Draft (depth): 8.8 mtr / 28.9 ft Belt armor (side armor of the hull): 310mm Bulkheads (armored walls within the hull, separating compartments): 290mm Barbettes (armor around a gun): between 290 and 440 mm Turrets: 500mm Deck: 190mm The original armament And finally, finally we land on the part where it’s all about: Very big guns that give very big booms! The armament of the Missouri was awesome, see the list below The main armament consisted of 3 3-gun turrets (2 frontal, 1 rear). These guns were 16” guns. Also she carried 20 5” guns, in twin turrets. The anti-air defense of the Missouri consisted of 80 40mm AA guns, mostly quad-mounted Beside the 40mm Bofors, she carried 49 20mm AA guns (weird amount, I know. I don’t know why) The modernized armament After the modernization in 1984, the 40mm and 20mm AA guns were all removed, and refitted with 4 20mm Phanlanx Anti Air and Anti Rocked guns. Together with the new AA defense, she got a set of complete new toys: box- and quad launchers which could launch Tomahawk and Harpoon missiles. The main armament The main armament of the Missouri was the most modern in the whole pacific theatre (when she was launched) It consisted of 9 16”guns (16”/50 caliber Mark 7). The turrets were, as I said before, 3-gun and not triple. This means that every gun in a turret could be elevated and fired separately. The turret The turret of a ship is not only the visible part (a box with a few sticks pointing out). It’s a little bit more than that. Every turret has a ‘tower’ underneath it, where things like loading belts and shells and so are stored. Each turret required a 94 man crew to operate and cost over 1,4 million dollars each, without the armament. The guns The guns were designed to shoot 2 types of ammo: AP shells, weighting 1225KG each (AP Mark 8), and HE shells, weighting around 860KG each(HC Mark 13). It seemed that the guns could fire also the Nuclear Mark 23 shells, which, I think, have the same effect as a very small atom bomb (so it should be fun to fire those once) The barrels of the guns were 50 calibers long, so 50*406mm == 20mtr and weighted over 100.000 kg each. The guns could spit her shells over a stunning 40 km range (with the ‘normal’ powder charge of 300kg), travelling at almost 2700 feet per second (I bet you don’t walk that fast), with a rate of 2 shells per minute. Normally, the guns would only receive the Ford created Fire Control Computers. But, at that time the USN had developed a radar which could be combined with the rangekeeper. With this equipment, the Missouri could use her radar to track and destroy enemy targets with improved range and accuracy. Luckily, the Japanese didn’t develop such a thing, so the USN had a great advantage over them. Secondary battery As secondary armament, the Missouri got 10 turrets, each carrying 2 Mark 12 5”/38 caliber guns. These guns were somewhere near 5.5 meters long and weighted just 1800 kg each. The shells weighted around 25 kg each, and could be fired over 16 KM with an average of 15 shells per minute. The shells left the barrel at an average of 2500 fps. The removed and replaced guns When modernized in 1948, the 40mm and 20mm Boford AA guns were removed. Those guns were supposed to destroy enemy aircraft and were manually operated. These guns were stripped from the Missouri, and replaced by 4 Phalanx CIWS systems. These high-tech weapon systems are designed to shoot incoming aircraft AND rockets. Due the 2 radar antennas and control computer, the system can hit a hair at the other side of the world (the official range is classified). Unconfirmed sources says they have a range of 2KM, but it’s a little short if you ask me. The CIWS can shoot her 2cm shells up to 4500 rounds per minute, which travel at a speed of 3600 feet per second. Normally the guns use AP rounds when mounted at a ship and HE rounds when used on land. New added weapons Together with the Phalanx CIWS, the Missouri also received 32 Tomahawk cruise missiles and 16 Harpoon missiles. The Tomahawks are long-range missiles, which travel at a speed of 880 KM/h. The missiles are jet-powered and can be fired over a range of 2500KM, carrying a 450KG warhead. With different warheads available, this rocked can be used to destroy anything between a tree house and an underground bunker. The Harpoon missiles are sea-to-sea missiles, designed to take out enemy vessels at 120KM. These missiles are designed to fly low over the sea, to prevent being spotted on radar and to prevent it from being shot down (at least it’s harder to hit them). The missiles carry a warhead containing 220KG explosives. Guided by radar and terminal homing, this missile almost reaches 100% accuracy. Quad launchpod The USS Missouri now After the Gulf War, the USS Missouri was retired from service and is resting from her hard work. The first years of her retirement, she spent at the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard , Bremerton, Washington state. At 12 January 1995 she was struck from the Naval Vessel Register, so she could not be put into action again. On 4 May 1998 the Missouri was donated to the USS Missouri Memorial Association. She was towed to fresh water, to clean the hull from salt-water organisms and finally at the 22th of June, 1998 she was docked at her place in Pearl Harbor, where she is at only 500 meters from the Arizona Memorial. The Missouri is placed in such a way that she is facing the Arizona Memorial and she is guarding over the people who died in the Arizona’s hull, so they can rest in peace. In 2009 she left her retirement place and she headed towards the Pearl Harbor Navy Shipyard, where she was overhauled. In 2010 she was back on her station, on Battleship Row. In total she deserved three battle stars during WWII, five during the Korean War and three during the Gulf War. Besides those battle stars she received loads of other awards. After all she is resting and guarding the dead. I hope you liked reading and there might be a research on the USS Arizona also (depends on the spare time I have) Greetings and see you on the ocean sailors! General_B
  2. cosmin

    German Aircraft Carriers

    Do you guys know something about German aircraft carriers ? I read something about the Graf Zeppelin class , and it says that only one was commissioned . (What tier do you think it can fit in ? As a premium or special ship )
  3. cosmin

    Romanian Naval Forces

    I know it is only Closed Beta , and I don't know if this issue has been dealt with before this post , but I have a curiosity . Will Romanian ships be represented in-game ? As premiums or future rewards for accomplishing missions ( Like in WoT using personal missions or something else ). Although these ships will not be high-tiered (maybe tier 2-3 ?) , they will be a nice addition to the game ( a few months or more after release ) . I know they are not a priority , but do you plan adding other European ships into the game as special/premium warships ?
  4. EU Post: Hello, I am very much interested in doing a life-like (scaled down of course) replica of a warship (WW2 Era)... I cannot seem to find any 3D renders online, the ones I do find however either: A. Poor quality/Do not exist B. Cost money to access C. Are not clear of what exactly I am getting by signing up e.g. is it a VISUAL/website interactive access? or can I DOWNLOAD and possibly EDIT it? The question is: Is it possible to extract the current 3D model(s) (e.g. IJN Minekaze) from the game 'World of Warships' to view in a program (Scaleform)? Likely Answer: I am assuming NO. While I do not make mods, I assume the models are in a bunch of small files (to save space) and Wargaming used a type of converter so their models are indeed in a scatter of files non-accessible to players, but Dev's could indeed access them/repack them. If any of you have an answer to this little post of mine, then do please reply! P.s. the website gamemodels3d.com has accessible 3d models, are these models downloadable and viewable/editable in a program? if so then do please reply! (and if you could send me a model that'd be nice too) example of viewable model: http://gamemodels3d....ehicles/pjsd004 Thanks -DD
  5. Hello everyone! "Navygaming" reminds you of its existence - we are very glad to post an article (not a magazine, unfortunately). Its author - Barry F. Poulson - tells you about the Aleution Campaign which became Admiral Yamamoto's final hand and which appears to be the turning point in WW2 for him. Why? Let's read the article! The Aleutian Campaign (by Barry F. Poulson aka Wulfnose) Admiral Yamamoto’s plan for the capture of Midway and the invasion of the Aleutian Islands was no less brilliant than his plan for the attack on Pearl Harbor. What went wrong? S. Morris, Jr, writes, “[Harvard] Classmates would have remembered Yamamoto well: a hard worker but not a grind, exceptionally curious and imaginative. When they introduced him to the game of poker, he became a fanatical poker player who would stay up all night, winning hand after hand.” Years later, as a naval attaché at the Japanese embassy and still a compulsive poker player, Yamamoto gambled with members of the United States military. “Spurred on by his victories,” Morris writes, “he developed contempt for the mental agility of his American naval opponents at the poker table.” When Yamamoto dealt his hand for the domination of the Pacific, little did he know he was dealing from a marked deck. Del Kostka writes “But Nimitz had a trump card … US Navy cryptographers at Pearl Harbor had just broken the Japanese naval code. By late May of 1942, Admiral Nimitz knew about the Midway and Aleutian operations, the approximate dates of the attack, and the relative strength of both the Northern and Central Area Fleets.” Nimitz sent Admiral Theobald north with Task Force 8 to contain Admiral Hosogaya’s assault on the Aleutian Islands. Hosogaya was betrayed by more than the code. Weather hindered the launching of planes, and when his reduced force attacked Dutch Harbor, they found it fully prepared. A second attack was more successful, but a downed Zero was later recovered, repaired, and flown by the Americans, who developed strategies for engaging the Zero. Returning Vals ran into a flight of P-40’s, which destroyed four. Aboard the Nachi, Hosogaya read Yamamoto’s order to halt action against Dutch Harbor, abandon the assault on Adak, and join the Midway attack group. Nimitz had read Yamamoto’s hand, and Japan paid the price. How different my life would have been, if there was life for me at all, without this turn of fate. Rather than capture Adak, Hosogaya took Kiska and Attu. The US built an airbase on Adak, and there my Father was posted as an Aviation Ordnanceman. He told me about the harsh conditions, the cruel Williwaw wind, lines strung between Quonset hut and mess hall to walk through the fog, and the arming and rearming of planes around the clock. My Father came home; many did not. The invasion of Kiska and Attu, six months after Pearl Harbor, left the Japanese in a strong position in the western Aleutians. To lift this occupation, the US needed to accumulate forces and to build forward bases to support the invasion. The transformation of Adak into a military base was a remarkable engineering feat. A flooded tidal basin was transformed into an airfield. Army engineers installed an ingenious drainage system which provided a usable airfield in less than two weeks. The airfield was decked with steel matting by the US infantry, covering 1,500,000 square feet in just 36 hours. Adak was occupied on August 26th and 27th. The first combat mission, comprised of 12 B-24 bombers escorted by 28 fighters, attacked Japanese forces on Kiska on September 14th. Attacks were constant, weather permitting, with heavy damage to troops, installations, and ships at Kiska. Dad told me about the winters on Adak, of partially covering the Quonset hut with earth against the cold and sound of planes taking off overhead. I knew about bore-sighting an airplane’s guns to fit a pilot’s preferences, mixes of armor-piercing and incendiary, and how, when they were ordered to dispose of old mortar rounds, they chose the most expedient way—they borrowed a mortar from the Army. I expect that my Father and his crew were the best mortarmen in the United States Navy! The Japanese formed a supply convoy bound for their Aleutian holdings. The US was aware of the convoy, but not that it was escorted by two heavy cruisers, two light cruisers, and four destroyers under, Admiral Hosogaya. The convoy was intercepted 180 miles west of Kiska by Admiral McMorris with a force of one heavy cruiser, one light cruiser, and four destroyers. Both fleets suffered damage, but the weaker American fleet managed to withdraw. While a tactical loss for the US, the convey turned back, and from then on, Japanese forces in the Aleutians could only be supplied by submarines. Plans were made for the liberation of Kiska because of its airfield and harbor, but plans can change. Attu appeared to be weakly defended, with an estimated defense force of 500 men with only three rifle companies, as compared to 5,000 men on Kiska. Little was known about conditions on Attu. Maps were sketchy, and Japanese installations well camouflaged. The defenders had dug in far from the beaches, with sniper and machine gun posts along the upper sides of the mountain passes. The US landed 11,000 troops in their assault. The Japanese soldiers had been on Attu for a year, were fully acclimated to its harsh conditions and put up a determined defense. US estimates of how many defenders they faced were raised. After American reinforcements arrived, the assault was pressed home. The last 1,000 Japanese defenders charged the American position; cries of “Banzai!” echoed through the dense fog The Japanese charge reached the US hospital. Atrocities committed at the hospital hardened US hearts for the rest of the war. In the final count, of the nearly 3,000 Japanese defenders, only 30 survived. The fortunes of war had dealt the Japanese defenders of Attu an impossible hand. When the cards were turned over, they revealed two black aces and two black eights—the dead man’s hand of Wild Bill Hickok fame. The fifth card, the fateful hole-card was yet to be revealed… Schooled by the intense defense of Attu, the US prepared “Operation Cottage,” the liberation of Kiska. The Americans expected to meet more than 5,000 defenders, and sent nearly 35,000 troops and 95 ships, including three battleships and a heavy cruiser. The assault stormed ashore, but when the Americans turned the last card in the Attu hand, they revealed a joker! In intense fog on July 29, 1943, Japanese surface forces were able to evacuate Kiska. Boarding was completed in 55 minutes! The invading force found only ruins, but 300 soldiers were lost to mines and friendly fire. The Fletcher-class destroyer Abner Reed struck a mine and lost 70 men. The US weather station mascot, Explosion, cared for by the Japanese during their occupation, was there to greet the fleet with a wagging tail. How did America overcome Japan’s lead in the Pacific, while fighting a primary front in Europe? The total mobilization of US industrial might overwhelmed the Axis. Steady attrition, compounded by the blockade of raw materials and loss of skilled personnel, left Japanese planners with less and less to work with. Troops and fleets were outnumbered. Yamamoto said, of Pearl Harbor, “"I'm afraid all we have done is awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve." At home, transformation of America to an arsenal was complete and immediate. My Grandfather’s lathe at the refrigeration factory in Tecumseh was producing 37mm anti-tank rounds, while my Grandmother worked at the Liberator plant at Willow Run. No worries about quality control there—my Uncle flew B-24 Liberators. Tires were rationed, sugar was rationed, and drivers donated the bumpers from their cars at scrap yards to support the war effort. Admiral Yamamoto was no doubt unaware that, on April 18, 1943, he was dealt his final hand. Again, American Intelligence had read his cards: his itinerary was known, and at the order of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 18 P-38G’s with special drop tanks were dispatched on the 1,000 mile “Operation Vengeance.” Two Betty medium bombers carrying Yamamoto and his chief of staff, Admiral Matome Ugaki, were shot down. Ugaki survived, but Kiagun Tiashō (Admiral) Isoroku Yamamoto died in battle of his wounds. When you read Admiral Morison’s History of United States Naval Operations in World War Two, it is difficult not to see coincidence and to wonder at the crafty judgments of the American Admirals. Morison wrote without knowledge of the intercepts US intelligence used to turn the tide of the war. Tens of thousands of Americans survived who would have died if America had not read Yamamoto’s hand. Just as many brave Japanese perished, including its finest Admiral, never knowing how America knew exactly what to expect. There must have been some free time on Adak. My Father was always a good poker player. After he came home, he was phenomenal. He could play cards for hours, remembering every card that was played. I wonder how he and Yamamoto would have fared at poker. A tragedy of war is that we will never know. Today, the U.S. naval base on Adak is gone. Efforts to restore the island continue. I drove the Alcan Highway in 1982, four days from Minneapolis to Fairbanks, and later managed to catch a flight out of Anchorage, flying to Adak on a gutsy Lockheed Electra. A rare sunny day, some greenery, a few flowers, but scars of the base and its battles still remained. It was hard to imagine the Williwaws, fog, roar of the planes, and thousands of sailors and soldiers living along that beautiful harbor. Everyone can point to a turning point in WWII. For me, my personal turning point was the Aleutian Campaign.
  6. On wikipedia you have some awesome pictures of ships with fire-acrs and other information. Those pictures are in public domain and can be found here: http://www.coatneyhi...om/drawings.htm Have fun :Smile_honoring: