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  1. German Navy: Frigate class F125 (Source: © 2011 Bundeswehr / Ricarda Schönbrodt/Presse- and Marine Information Centre) The frigate 125 (F125), also known as Baden-Wuerttemberg class is a new class frigates of the German Navy. The surface combatant ships will replace the ships of the Bremen-class 1:2 ratio. It also provides a new concept advanced capabilities. Thus, the F125 is essential to stay in theater longer and allow a larger gun and the special forces also embarked support for land-based combat or stabilization missions. Obtaining For the development and construction of the frigates, the shipyards ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems and Lürssen to work for the F125 Frigate (ARGE F125) have joined forces. On 28 July 2005 ARGE F125 of the Federal Office for Defence Technology and Procurement (BWB) for the construction of four frigates passed offer. The Budget Committee of the German Bundestag approved on 20 June 2007, despite criticism by the Federal Court of the construction of four ships in the amount of 2.6 billion euros. On 26 June 2007 signed the BWB and the ARGE F125 the construction contract for four frigates of the F125 class. Construction of the lead ship was on 9 May 2011 and on 2 November, was placed on the user. Lürssen is a 20% stake and is responsible for building the bow sections responsible, Blohm + Voss for the other sections, the final assembly and equipment and the implementation of sea trials. The ships were originally put into service in 2014, but this date has been postponed to 2016. Critics particularly at a vastly inflated unit price of the F125 (650 million euros) as compared to the Danish Absalon class (175 million euros, but without most of the weapons systems or an integrated FüWES). Technology and Systems Propulsion For driving a CODLAG system is provided with a total capacity of 29.4 megawatts (MW). At cruising speed, the drive is diesel-electric with two electric motors of 4.7 MW each, for the maximum speed can a gas turbine with 20 MW over the middle gears are switched. Four diesel generators to produce electricity with a capacity of 2.9 MW are installed. As a maneuvering thruster with 1.0 MW capacity is provided in the bow. Structure For the survivability of the ship, the F125 has been designed after the two-island principle, ie all major operational systems are distributed to the two island structures or redundant. The constructions bear on the outside surfaces of the phased array radar. As with the other frigates of the German Navy helicopter aboard the submarine-hunting and reconnaissance and combating maritime targets that are outside of weapons range of the frigate serve. Four dinghies are provided for the transportation of special forces and for general control tasks. Systems For the command and weapon control system, the Atlas will be responsible electronics, equip the vessels with the tactical data link system and take over the task of the overall system design of all effectors and sensors and their integration. The high-power radar is supplied by Cassidian. Use system with the sensors: Multifunction AESA radar TRS-4D Cassidian Navigational radar by Raytheon Anschütz Cassidian MSSR 2000I & LTR 400 Friend or Foe Mode 5 / S MSP 600-125 Electro-optical tracker from Rheinmetall Defence SIMONE (Ship Infrared Monitoring Observation and Navigation Equipment) -360 ° monitoring system of Diehl Defence Electronic reconnaissance RESM / KORA CESM 18 of GEDIS link 11 link 16 link 22 mobile diver detection sonar (MTDS) Cerberus Mod2 of Atlas Elektronik 8 × ship-to-ship missile RGM-84 Harpoon 2 x RAM (Rolling Airframe Missile) 21 cells in each directable launchers 1 × 127/64 Lightweight Naval Gun (Oto Melara), 30 km range with standard ammunition, later 100 km range-enhanced ammunition (for example with Vulcano guided munitions) 2 × 27-mm light naval gun (MLG 27) from Rheinmetall 5 × 12.7 mm RCHMG (Remote Controlled Heavy Machine Gun, Oto Melara "Hitrole NT") 2 × 12.7-mm machine gun (body control) 4 × MASS (Multi Ammunition soft kill system) 2 × Searchlight 2 × shipborne helicopter NH90 NFH 4 × 33-ft (10m) speed boats with about 40 knots Crew: Up to 190 people including 50 places special forces, including 20 seats for flying personnel Units The ships will be stationed at the naval base of Wilhelmshaven. Identifier/Name/Call/Shipyard/Laid down/Launched/Delivery/Commissioned F222/Baden-Württemberg/-/Blohm + Voss/2. November 2011/expected in October 2013/expected March 2016/-/ F223/Nordrhein-Westfalen/-/Lürssen/24. Oktober 2012/expected April 2014//expected Februar 2017/-/ F224/Sachsen-Anhalt/-/-/expected in December 2013/expected April 2015/ expected January 2018/-/ F225/Rheinland-Pfalz/-/-/expected November 2014/expected in February 2016/expected in December 2018/-/ That are some Informations from a source of the German navy: Asymmetric threat The discovery, prevent and combat of asymmetric threats may inter alia with the multi-function radar with extended short-range resolution, with sonar, underwater drones, infrared- Camera surveillance system and done with electro-optical trackers. On a perceived threat, the Deployment system for the F125 through novel Algorithms within an extremely short Advance warning to the corresponding Use of arms (2 x 27-mm MGL, 5 x 12.7-mm MG) react. The weapons are so integrated into the ship that a selective and largely automatic control to a few meters in front of the lift is possible. With centrally-controlled water cannons and searchlights, the F125 also has non-lethal effectors. Specifications / Weapons After the initial specifications (draft) for the F125, the ship will have a full load displacement of 5500 tons, length about 139 m, width 18 m, depth about 5 m, speed: about 26 to 27 knots, route approximately 4000 nm. A bow thruster improves maneuverability. For the armament is currently provided: 155-mm gun (howitzer 2000 from the MONARC proposal), a navalisierte version of the Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS), 2 x RAM, light naval gun (MLG), heavy machine guns, anti-surface LC Harpoon as a placeholder and two shipborne helicopter MH90. Among the sensors: phased array multifunction radar, IFF Mode S, electro-optical tracker, infrared / television surveillance, ESM radar, underwater drone, multifunction sonar, navigation radars, laser warning system, ESM COMMMS, link 11/16/22. Propulsion When the propulsion system operating time of up to two years to consider long service intervals and low maintenance requirements for the required time. Therefore, for the first time an electric F125 CODLAG (Combined Diesel And Gas turbine-electric) actuator is provided worldwide. Up to 20 knots each of the two electric motors drives a shaft directly without gear ratio. A mechanical propulsion gas turbine is switched to achieve the maximum speed. The power generation bfor the propulsion and march for electrical wiring systems is summarized in a power pool. This is made ​​up of four sturdy, medium-speed diesel engines fed with long overhaul intervals. The energy pool of CODLAG system reduced compared with the conventional CODOG / CODAG equipment maintenance costs, as far fewer cylinders are in operation. Another advantage is the simplified spares, as only one type of diesel engine on board, and the overhaul of diesel can be carried on board. Partially electric propulsion system (CODLAG) Special Forces A novelty on board a frigate is the integration of a quota Special Forces including their equipment. Therefore, a separate reference room, a separate planning area are provided in addition to the accommodation area for a 50-man Special Forces contingent. Storage spaces for weapons and ammunition of the special forces are provided. Also on the C-deck space for two 20-foot containers (equipment and material) is scheduled. The F125 will also have four slots for 33-foot boat speed boats (about 40 knots) as a transfer agent for special forces. In addition, the special forces can be spent with the two on-board helicopters to the operational area. The asymmetric threat detection, defense and combating asymmetric threats can include performed with the multifunction radar with extended short-range resolution, with sonar, underwater drones, infrared-camera surveillance system, as well as electro-optical trackers. On a perceived threat, the use of the F125 system can react by new algorithms within a very short warning times with the appropriate use of arms (2 x 27-mm MGL, 5 x 12,7 mm machine gun). The weapons are so integrated into the ship that a selective and largely automatic control to a few meters in front of the lift is possible. With centrally-controlled water cannons and searchlights, the F125 also has non-lethal effectors. Source: http://applecopywrit...dia-150x150.png
  2. Frigate class F125 - A new ship for new tasks New framework: The Bundeswehr Concept sets out the framework for the development of the armed forces. Missions to international conflict prevention and crisis management, including the fight against international terrorism, determine the structure and equipment of the Bundeswehr. As a result, the armed forces are categorized into engaging, stabilization and support forces. Stabilization forces operate in stabilizing peace missions of long duration in multinational joint. Their tasks include enforcement of embargoes, the monitoring of sea and air space and the support of evacuation procedures. The Navy followed in terms of transformation of the Bundeswehr, the aim of developing the maritime capabilities of the Bundeswehr operationally focused. To meet the requirements in the Marine stabilizing peace missions with an innovative type frigate, with the previous ships has little in common. The conceptual differences range from the type of effectors (weapons) to use parameters such as duration and crew size. The task profile requires completely new approaches in business organization and in the technical design. Improving the armed forces joint combat effectiveness: In the center of the conceptual claims, is the armed forces joint combat effectiveness to increase significantly. Characteristic of the new F125 frigate type therefore are able to: Capacity for tactical fire support from sea to land (land of targets) Ability to use special support and specialized forces (eg evacuation operations), Ability to network-centric warfare with land and air forces and Prolonged availability in the field. Flexible options for action: For use in stabilization operations through a novel sensor-weapon approach to flexible policy options will be provided. Taking the basic qualifications for the permanent monitoring of sea areas need F125 selective, graded and precise action skills that match the operating environment. The ability to in any position by use of appropriate means can act both as a de-escalating escalating is crucial. In addition, F125 marked protective and active capabilities against asymmetric threats received. Protection generated here from information superiority, rapid, flexible response options on board and a suitable ship construction. There are also automated monitoring systems on board as well as the expansion of the direct monitoring area of the ship at anchor in the harbor and through the use of boats and underwater drones. This sector in particular requires intense study and application of coordinated approach, in order to achieve an effective and technically manageable concept. The mission required flexibility to be supported by capacity for embarkation aboard helicopters, special forces, with bar association leaders, naval forces as well as protection through the integration of several boats statement. Intensive use and two crew concept: From the requirement for a long-lasting availability in theater also follows a fundamentally different technical, logistical and economic interpretation of the ships. What is required here is an up to two-year time bar of the ship in the mission area without a scheduled shipyard repair or return to home port. This technique, known as intensive use concept of the F125 frigate requires in comparison with the service units located in the Navy to double the operating hours of the repair phase. The increased availability of vessels follows - because of not increased at the same way staff requirements - the need for a new crew concept. What is required is the design of the vessel for a man about 100 full crew which will be replaced in the four-month intervals, in theater (two-crew concept). The doubling of the operating hours of these approaches, along with significant reduction of staff due for maintenance, operation and use of the vessel for additional technical solutions. Automation and the technical interplay of various equipment and systems gain in comparison to the current lifestyle, labor-intensive operation, a new and much bigger role. So far in the construction of naval ships pursued approaches are not suitable. Conclusion: With the F125 frigate it is therefore in no way thinking about a successor for existing vessels, but the consistent implementation of altered conditions in a large maritime projects. Currently, there are no maritime platform designed for the beginning of tasks is shown. It will not arrive in F125 forward to realize everything that is technically possible. Rather, the industry is called upon to combine the technological possibilities to the concerted, required capabilities into an overall design. Source: (Weapons, drive, crew and everything else are a state secret!)