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TeodorSan

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  1. The Mărăști class were a group of destroyers built in Italy for the Romanian Navy. The ships fought in both world wars but for different owners and had a complex history. • History <> In 1913, the Romanian government ordered a class of four large destroyers from the Pattison yard in Naples, Italy. The four ships were named Vifor, Viscol, Vârtej and Vijelia. The Italian government requisitioned the ships in 1915 upon entering World War I, renaming them Aquila, Falco, Nibbio and Sparviero. These ships were significantly larger than contemporary Italian destroyers and were rated as Esploratori or scout cruisers. The armament comprised three single 6 inch and 4 x 3 inch guns. After the end of the First World War, two of the ships (Sparviero and Nibbio) were re-sold to Romania, arriving in Constanţa in 1920. The other two ships were retained by Italy until sold to the Nationalist faction of Spain in 1937. The six inch guns proved too heavy for the Romanian Navy and were replaced by two twin 120 mm guns in powered turrets and a single 120 mm gun. Both ships were active during the Naval war in the Black Sea in World War II. Chiefly convoying supplies between Romania, the Crimea and the Bosphorus. Măraşeşti sank the Soviet M class submarine M-31 in July 1943. Both ships were surrendered to the Soviets in August 1944 on the Capitulation of Romania and were incorporated into the Black Sea Fleet as the Lovkiy (Ловкий, ex-Mărăşti) and Lyogkiy (Лёгкий, ex-Mărăşeşti) but were returned to Romania in October 1945, served in Naval Forces of Romanian People's Republic under the numbers D12 and D11 and scrapped in the 1960s. Aquila and Falco were sold to the Nationalist Spanish Navy, which, in 1937 only had one destroyer available (Velasco). They were renamed Melilla and Ceuta, and saw heavy service, in spite of their poor condition. To conceal the fact that Italy was selling ships to Franco's side, they were often referred as Velasco-Ceuta and Velasco-Melilla. After the war, they were retained by the Spanish Navy. • General characteristics Type: Destroyer Displacement: 1,410 long tons (1,430 t) standard 1,723 long tons (1,751 t) full load Length: 94.18 m (309 ft 0 in) Beam: 9.47 m (31 ft 1 in) Draught: 3.5 m (11 ft 6 in) Propulsion: 2 shaft Tosi type geared turbines, 5 Thornycroft type boilers, 45,000 hp Speed: 34 knots (39 mph; 63 km/h) Range: 1700 nm at 15 knots Complement: 139 Armament: (as modernised for Romania) 5×120 mm guns (2x2, 1x1) •4×76 mm guns (4x1) • 2×13 mm machine guns •4×18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes (2×2) • 30 mines • Pictures SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia....class_destroyer :teethhappy: Thanks for your time and I apologize for any mistakes. :teethhappy:
  2. TeodorSan

    Romanian Submarine - Delfinul

    Thanks Hunter1911! :eyesup:
  3. TeodorSan

    Romanian Submarine - Delfinul

    How I delete this post?
  4. TeodorSan

    Romanian Submarine - Delfinul

    Delfinul (The dolphin) is a Kilo class submarine of the Romanian Naval Forces. It was commissioned in August 1985 and is currently the only Romanian submarine in service. Due to a lack of funding the submarine is inactive since 1995 and kept in reserve docked in the military sector of the Port of Constanţa. • History <> In the early 1980s, the Romanian Naval Forces expressed the need for a submarine to train the anti-submarine vessels of the fleet. The Chinese government made an offer for six Type-33 submarines, two built in China (one with Romanian workers) and four in Romania. The Type-33 was however an obsolete design and the Romanian government decided to purchase Soviet equipment. A Kilo class submarine was acquired in 1984 for $61,5 million from USSR. The submarine was built by Krasnoye Sormovo Factory No. 112 in Gorki. The Romanian crew of the submarine was trained in the USSR. The submarine, christened Delfinul, was delivered in 1985. Another two Kilo class submarines were going to be purchased, but due to financial reasons, the orders were cancelled. • Service <> The submarine successfully accomplished 67 missions, with 2000 hours of immersion. During these missions, Delfinul launched 23 torpedoes and 2 naval mines. In 1996, the submarine exhausted the resources of the initial batteries and is kept in reserve since then. After 2001, the submarine was transferred to the "Mircea cel Bătrân" Naval Academy, being used as a training ship. Numerous overhauling plans have been proposed since 1996, yet none was implemented. • More information Class & type: Kilo-class submarine Displacement: 2,460 t., surfaced 3,180 t., submerged Length: 72.9 m (239 ft 2 in) Beam: 12.8 m (42 ft 0 in) Draft: 14.5 m (47 ft 7 in) Speed: 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph), surfaced 20 knots (40 km/h/25 m/h), submerged Complement: 54 Armament: 6 × 533 mm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes for guided electric TEST-71 torpedoes, guided 53-65K oxygen-propelled torpedoes 28 naval mines 8 SA-16 Gimlet surface-to-air missiles • Image
  5. TeodorSan

    Romanian Submarine - Delfinul

    Ok, thanks for help !
  6. TeodorSan

    Romanian Submarine - Delfinul

    <=> THE ACTUAL SUMBARINE <=> Delfinul (The dolphin) is a Kilo class submarine of the Romanian Naval Forces. It was commissioned in August 1985 and is currently the only Romanian submarine in service. Due to a lack of funding the submarine is inactive since 1995 and kept in reserve docked in the military sector of the Port of Constanţa. • History <> In the early 1980s, the Romanian Naval Forces expressed the need for a submarine to train the anti-submarine vessels of the fleet. The Chinese government made an offer for six Type-33 submarines, two built in China (one with Romanian workers) and four in Romania. The Type-33 was however an obsolete design and the Romanian government decided to purchase Soviet equipment. A Kilo class submarine was acquired in 1984 for $61,5 million from USSR. The submarine was built by Krasnoye Sormovo Factory No. 112 in Gorki. The Romanian crew of the submarine was trained in the USSR. The submarine, christened Delfinul, was delivered in 1985. Another two Kilo class submarines were going to be purchased, but due to financial reasons, the orders were cancelled. • Service <> The submarine successfully accomplished 67 missions, with 2000 hours of immersion. During these missions, Delfinul launched 23 torpedoes and 2 naval mines. In 1996, the submarine exhausted the resources of the initial batteries and is kept in reserve since then. After 2001, the submarine was transferred to the "Mircea cel Bătrân" Naval Academy, being used as a training ship. Numerous overhauling plans have been proposed since 1996, yet none was implemented. • More information Class & type: Kilo-class submarine Displacement: 2,460 t., surfaced 3,180 t., submerged Length: 72.9 m (239 ft 2 in) Beam: 12.8 m (42 ft 0 in) Draft: 14.5 m (47 ft 7 in) Speed: 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph), surfaced 20 knots (40 km/h/25 m/h), submerged Complement: 54 Armament: 6 × 533 mm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes for guided electric TEST-71 torpedoes, guided 53-65K oxygen-propelled torpedoes 28 naval mines 8 SA-16 Gimlet surface-to-air missiles • Image <=> The old submarine <=> • NMS Delfinul ("Dolphin") was a Romanian submarine that served in the Black Sea during the Second World War. It was the first submarine bought by the Romanian Navy. It was an improved design from the First World War, having fitted a snorkel for underwater diesel operation. • The birth <> NMS Delfinul was built in 1930 at the Italian naval base and shipyard, Fiume (today, Rijeka in Croatia), by "Construzzione navale dello stato". On the 5 May 1936 (six years after it was built because of little misunderstandings between the Italian shipyard and the Romanian government), the submarine was launched to sea, in front of Romanian and Italian naval engineers. During its first years of service, Delfinul fulfilled training and exercise missions in the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. • Role in World War II <> Delfinul played an important role in the Black Sea war against the Soviet Union in World War II. Its home base was the Constanţa Naval Base, from where the submarine completed nine war time patrols. When Romania entered the war (22 June 1941), the navy had only one submarine, but that presence meant that the Soviet Black Sea Fleet had to secure an anti-submarine service for its convoys and near its naval bases. As a fleet in being, the Delfinul had only to exist rather than taking part in the battles. It was kept under shelter in Constanţa and rarely got out to do a reconnaissance mission. That changed when two modern (for that time) submarines arrived from Germany (Rechinul-The Shark and Marsuinul-The Sea Hog). • The end <> On the 23 August 1944 it was confiscated by the Soviet Union. After a long period of time it was returned heavily damaged. It was never repaired and it never got back on the sea. • Image: :teethhappy: Thank you for your time! :teethhappy:
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